Examinando por Autor "Carmona Tache, Angélica"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoCaracterísticas del estrés académico en universitarios con trastornos temporomandibulares de la San Buenaventura Seccional Cartagena(2019-02-05) García González, Andrea Carolina; Ricardo Silgado, Sasha Margarita; Romero Martínez, Lina Marcela; Carmona Tache, AngélicaINTRODUCTION: Academic stress is known as a type of stress that finds its start in the school and / or university environment, evidencing typical responses to it, such as headaches, sleep disorders and pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), in typical situations of academic work. It can manifest from the most basic grades of education to the exercise of teaching. Stress is a tension that appears from exposure to crippling circumstances, this is considered one of the predisposing causes of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) that are known as problems in the operation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the characteristics of academic stress in students of the San Buenaventura University (USB), Cartagena Section with a clinical diagnosis of Temporomandibular Disorders (TTM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative study of a transversal descriptive type was carried out in 27 students of the physiotherapy program, previously diagnosed with TMD of the articular, muscular and / or disc type taken from the research "Prevalence of TTM in university students of the USB ", to whom the SISCO inventory of academic stress (IEA) was applied, in order to determine the characteristics of stress or moments of worry during the current semester. RESULTS: Academic stress in university students of the USB with a clinical diagnosis of TMD was presented in 70.4% of the population at high levels, followed by 25.9% in medium high levels and only 3.7%. in medium levels. There is no evidence of absence of stress in the population studied. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of TMD had high and moderately high levels of Stress. This could indicate that stress affects the proper functioning of the musculoskeletal system in the cervical mandibular cranium region which leads to the appearance of TMD.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoPostura cráneo cervical y maloclusión en estudiantes Universitarios de Cartagena(2020-02-21) Giraldo Vergara, Fabio Alonso; Luna Nisperuza, Jeimi Stephanie; Carmona Tache, AngélicaObjective: To identify the cervical skull posture and malocclusion in university students of Cartagena Method: It was carried out with a descriptive approach since it allows to specify the conditions of the present malocclusions and changes in the cervical skull posture during a certain time. The study population is made up of students of the Dentistry program of the University of Cartagena, participating in the Cervical Posture research and cell phone use in Cartagena university students of the PROMOUC research group who have the lateral head and neck radiography taken with the specific parameters for the biomechanical analysis of Rocabado. Results: Of a total of 28 participants for the study, 11 were male and 17 female, 100% of the population; 8.33% suffer from class I malocclusion, 79.17% class II and 12.50% class III, which is equivalent to 2, 19 and 3 people respectively. 100% of participants with class I malocclusion have posterior rotation of the skull, the population with type 2 malocclusion, 52.63% is a normal state and in the population with class 3 malocclusion, 33.33% suffer from a rotation of the anterior skull, 33.33% is in a normal state and 33.33% has a posterior rotation. Conclusion: Patients with class II malocclusion according to the Angle scale had a normal rotation of the skull, therefore, it can be deduced that despite the involvement in the masticatory system they do not present alterations at the cervical skull level. All patients with class I malocclusion suffer a posterior rotation of the skull and patients with class III malocclusion have all rotations of the skull (anterior, normal posterior)
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoPrevalencia de los trastornos temporomandibulares en una población universitaria de Cartagena(2019-02-05) De Ávila Babilonia, Daniela; Sánchez Garcia, Yosana Yolenis; Carmona Tache, AngélicaINTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are recognized as a dysfunction that directly affects the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles of the mastication and the cervical spine due to multiple factors. These TTMs considerably compromise the health status of the individuals who suffer from it, affecting the performance of functions such as chewing, phonation, swallowing and others, altering the quality of life and carrying out daily activities. It is necessary to raise awareness among the affected population about changes in lifestyles, as well as to minimize parafunctional habits, so that TTMs stop being a public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a university population of Cartagena. METHODS: This study is of a transversal descriptive type, was carried out in students of the Physiotherapy program of the University of San Buenaventura Cartagena. The sample was randomly selected and 159 students were evaluated with the objective of clinically diagnosing the TTM, through the instrument: questionnaire of the CDI / TTM index of the authors Leresche, Dworkin and Col. RESULTS: The students who participated had a mean in relation to the age of 20 years. According to the surveyed population 81.13% was female, while 18.87% was male. According to the total population surveyed, it was observed that in parafunctional habits 64 participants of the study present unilateral chewing, 121 individuals chew gum, 67 eat nails, 80 participants chew a pen and 37 grind their teeth. Of the total population studied, 83.6% did not present any type of temporomandibular disorder and only 16.3% had TTM, of which 6.9% presented a muscular type disorder, 6.3% presented a type disorder. joint and 3.1% of the population a disc-type disorder...
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoPuntos nociceptivos de la articulación temporomandibular y postura, en usuarios con trastornos temporomandibulares asistentes a un centro odontológico de Cartagena(2018-06-08) Nieto Cota, Karen Margarita; Prestan Pérez, Daniela Estefany; Carmona Tache, AngélicaINTRODUCTION: The temporomandibular joint is a complex unit that works together with the different muscular, ligamentous, and joint structures that surround it in a harmonious way, to maintain the stability of the cranio-cervico-mandibular complex; This stability could prevent future alterations both bodily and temporomandibular that affect the functionality of the individual. It is important to perform an early detection of signs and / or symptoms that can alter this system through a postural and ATM assessment. GENERAL PURPOSE. To determine the nociceptive points of the TMJ and posture in users with diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders, in a dental center of Cartagena. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out; which investigated the presence of the exhibition and the acuteness of the event that makes up the population to be studied where only one measurement was made over time in each subject. (46) The study population consisted of users attending the Orthodontic Clinic, in the Dentistry faculty of the University of Cartagena, women and men with an age range between 5 and 65 years. The choice of sample for this study was at convenience, this leads to samples within the individual elements and groups of randomly selected elements within the population. RESULTS: Within the investigation, a higher prevalence was evidenced in the population that presented a joint diagnosis, which showed greater rotation of the iliac crests anteriorly. The most frequent nociceptive points in the population in the evaluations of both male and female gender were points 1, 2, and 3 in the patients, who at the end of the evaluation. He was exposed to several commendations with functional exercises that avoid prolonging bad habits and maintaining good postural hygiene.