Examinando por Materia "Derecho de las personas con discapacidad"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEl derecho a la accesibilidad de las personas con discapacidad(2016) Agudelo Aguirre, Ancízar de Jesús; Hernández Ríos, Mónica IsabelThis article analyzes the regulations and policy framework and case law related to accessibility for disabled people, in order to recognize and identify the progress that has been generated, to ensure compliance of the basic rights of this population, and to improve their social inclusion and their ability to participate freely and openly in the different spaces, services and opportunities offered in the public and private level. At the time, the article presents a review of literature on key concepts, such as disability, accessibility, barriers, universal design and reasonable adjustment. In particular, the legal components of the issue in Colombia are discussed, in the light of the conceptual contributions, offering a theoretical and normative study to understand the current scenario of accessibility policies, recognizing the importance of the constitutional bloc as a way to adopt international standards; and the difficulties that people with disabilities face day after day, due to barriers that are part of the infrastructure and architecture of space. The main finding of the paper is that, although there is solid regulation about accessibility in Colombia, in practice there are still many elements that limit the mobility of disabled people, so there is a discontinuity between the law san the reality.-- Grupo de Investigación: Derecho, Cultura y Ciudad.-- Línea de Investigación: derechos humanos.-- Área: derecho Público.-- Tema: derecho a la accesibilidad de las personas con discapacidad
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoDesarrollo de un sistema que permita la movilidad de forma autónoma a las personas con baja visión en la ciudad de Medellín(2019) Arroyave Cuartas, Natalia; Marroquín Sierra, CarolinaStadistics estimate that in Colombia 163.000 people have visual disabilities and 94% of them depend on others to perform their daily tasks. In 2006, the countries belonging to the UN celebrated the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), in which a general commitment was made to ensure this group of people have equal rights and opportunities as everyone else (Naciones Unidas, 2006). The compliance of said commitment in Colombia however, is none existent, particularly in the area of visual impairment. The lack of implementation of holistic initiatives to improve the autonomy of these people in the city affects their daily life and generates symptoms regarding depression, anxiety, and stress (Méndez Ulricha & Sanz, 2016). The main barriers to ensure this group carries out their daily activities are the conditions of the streets or roads (45.7%), the public transport adaptability (33.5%) and the equipment in parks, squares, and stadiums (25.1%)”, barriers that integrate public space and public transport. Hence, the constant efforts needed to intervene the city infrastructure. The number of people visually impaired grows exponentially every year. Stadistics estimate that population with visual limitations could triple by 2050 (WHO, 2017). Given this future scenario, this project proposes a support system to improve mobility for the visually impaired population in the city of Medellin. The solution integrates three core elements that increase the interaction between the user and the environment enabling faster and easier mobility, (1) displaying information through infrastructure elements of the city, (2) providing orientation functionalities in a mobile application, and (3) enhancing the guiding cane with technological complementary devices to assist the user and feed the mobile app in real time
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEspacios para la educación incluyente de niños con discapacidades cognitivas y motrices en la Avenida Centenario de la ciudad de Armenia –Quindío(2021) Hernández Escobar, Daniela; Vargas Serna, Luscamila; Avellaneda Sánchez, Liyan CarolinaThrough a qualitative exploratory research, this work will focus on providing a solution to the problem of inclusive education in the city of Armenia, generating an educational facility that meets all the basic needs to meet the demand for education for children with disabilities, with sensitive and social spaces, in which people can develop educational and recreational activities; as a complement to the urban structure of the city and generating new milestones for inclusion and society. As a purpose, based on organizing principles and concepts of unity and teamwork, this educational facility will integrate the users of the sector, infants, and staff, thus generating new opportunities and spaces for the understanding of people and different abilities, addressing the problem from the theory, architecture, and spatial sensitivity, to generate spaces that connect with being and learning.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoLa estabilidad laboral reforzada frente a los conceptos de invalidez, incapacidad y discapacidad(2018) Villa Tavera, Johann; Buriticá Arango, Esteban DavidThis paper identifies the constitutive elements of the right to reinforced job stability and explains its dogmatic and substantial aspects, applying a dogmatic methodology with a critical emphasis. Likewise, the paper analyzes the differences between disability, laboral incapacity and physical inhability, as well as the difficulties that exist in current regulations to rigorously define each of these concepts and the negative consequences that this lack of definition entails in the application of current regulations in particular cases. Finally, the paper concludes that the effective protection of the rights of people who are in a condition of manifest weakness and the guarantee of legal security for workers and employers requires that the legislation addresses with greater precision the aforementioned concepts
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEstrategias de adaptación y diseño inclusivo para personas con diferentes niveles de discapacidad visual a través de espacios multisensoriales(2021) Beltrán Castaño, Miguel Ángel; Bustamante Velásquez, Valentina; Cuervo Calle, Juan JoséBuildings and public spaces are undoubtedly the most important environments for a person, where most of the basic activities of daily life take place, it is the physical space where the human being moves, relates, feeds, reproduces, where the satisfaction of numerous aspirations, motivations and personal values takes place.The evolution of architecture has been marked by periods that have directly influenced its transformation, mainly the industrial revolution where all processes were standardized in search of mass production, which, in turn, caused the movement of repetitive modular constructions in which there is a tendency to carry the same distribution of spaces without character or identity, which the user is forced to adapt with distinctive features. Currently, inclusive designs have been implemented for the visually impaired, such as educational centers, hospitals, public spaces or other transit environments. However, the tools applied in public facilities have not been planned for the different levels of visual impairment due to the standardization of a visually impaired human being, understood as a blind person without any optical capacity.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoInserción laboral de personas con discapacidad auditiva en Colombia 2017(2017) Vélez Henao, Valeria; Vélez Bedoya, Ángel RodrigoIn this degree project you would be able to find a complete report of all the research analysis done to understand the way of living of people with impairment hearing (deaf) both in their language, different capacities and work within the labour insertion process. Process that lacks support and encouragement by the companies due to the misinterpretation or the disregard to the Laws that protect the people in situation of disability. This work also seeks to provide tools that sensitize companies with the aim of increasing the number of people in situations of hearing impairment in working life. Tools such as the deaf as a person with capacity to execute activities and functions as any employee, to recognize another tool is to know different institutions and programme that support and accompany the process of the employee. Finally, it is concluded that, in order to provide the employment of any person in a situation of disability, it is strictly necessary to have a link and inclusion in educational processes where the person can be formed in a fruitful way with a view to employment or a profession satisfactorily