Examinando por Materia "Enfermedades auditivas"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoEstado auditivo y comunicativo de niños entre 2 y 5 años en un hogar infantil comunitario del corregimiento de Pasacaballo(2021-03-04) Herrera Barrios, María Camila; Quesada Quezada, Karen Lorena; Perez Cabrera, EugeniaOBJECTIVE: To determine the hearing and communication characteristics of children between the ages of 2 and 5 who attend the El Velero Community Children's Home. METHODOLOGY: This research is of a cross-sectional descriptive observational type. Children from 2 to 5 years of age who attend the Velero Community Children's Home in the Pasacaballos Corregimiento were taken as the population, the vast majority, natives of that locality. No sample calculation was carried out, since a non-probabilistic sampling was done for convenience and the data obtained through descriptive analysis were tabulated through the Excel tool. RESULTS: The population selected for convenience consisted of 57 children. The ages of 3 and 4 years predominated with 40.4%, the sex that predominated was male with 54.4%, 47.4% of the children are in the nursery, 8.8% have a medical diagnosis, 77.2% have not presented diseases and 22.8 % have presented some such as acute otitis media, acute tonsillitis, bronchitis, urinary tract infection, etc. Within the pre-peri-postnatal history, only 1 child had low birth weight, 5.3% was born before 30 weeks of gestation, none were in the Neonatal ICU for more than 30 days and 7% had some complication before. during or after birth. Within the comprehensive and expressive evaluation, and the vestibular evaluation, all are within the parameters of normality. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to characterize the auditory and communicative state of children aged 2 to 5 years in the town of Pasacaballos, highlighting that the largest population is within the normal ranges of the Auditory and Communicative Assessment Instrument (VALE).).
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoFunción auditiva y vestibular de personas adultas que consumen medicamentos ototóxicos por enfermedades crónicas(2021-03-05) Palacio Luján, Aura Spfía; Rodríguez Carmona, Yuliana Rosa; Pérez Cabrera, EugeniaThe ear is not only an organ that is responsible for capturing and processing sound stimuli, it also has a great responsibility to maintain the balance and posture of the body, these functions can be affected when an adverse drug reaction occurs, such as: antitumors, aminoglycosides and diuretics that are used to treat some chronic diseases; ototoxicity is the counterproductive consequence that certain chemicals produce on the ear temporarily or permanently. The clinical manifestations of ototoxicity are: Sensorial or neurosensory hearing loss, vertigo and tinnitus. The purpose of this article is to offer the reader a scientific and informative vision. Objective: To review the scientific evidence that is found on the characteristics of auditory and vestibular function of adults who consume ototoxic drugs. Methodology: For the realization of this review article, it was emphasized in relevant information collected in several electronic databases (Google Academic, Science Direct and Scielo) the methodology used is qualitative of exploratory typedocumentary, the procedure used for the distinction and interpretation of information consisted of the content analysis of research articles, theses and research from secondary sources. Results: From the bibliographic search, we obtained scientific articles, theses, guides and books that describe the auditory and vestibular characteristics of adults who consumed ototoxic drugs. Conclusion: The research articles acquired through the literature review agree that aminoglycosides, diuretics and antitumor drugs cause ototoxicity leading to auditory and vestibular impairment