Examinando por Materia "Executive functions"
Mostrando 1 - 13 de 13
Resultados por página
Opciones de clasificación
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoArte ¿cuáles son las repercusiones académicas y emocionales en el fallo de las funciones ejecutivas en niños con TDAH, TDA y las estrategias de intervención?(2019) Henao Trujillo, María Camila; Velásquez Arenas, Marcela; Barrios Villeros, Jazmín Javiana; Monsalve Cataño, Astrid LilianaThe ADHD is defined as a certain degree of attention deficit and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is inconsistent in relation with the level of development of the child and is present before the seven years of age. ADHD can occur together with other associated psychiatric disorders (comorbidity) such as reading difficulties (LD) and substance use disorder (SUD). Having in mind that the brain works with electrical stimuli that brings and carry information to be able to develop different daily activities, this information can be transmitted through neurons since they can communicate with each other. ADHD is also known as a behavioral syndrome of neurobiological origin, its characterized by manifestations of inattention and hyperactivity being therefore an alteration of neurodevelopment it is characterized by the immaturity of some neuronal cores that are involved in the prefrontal cortex, the corpus callosum, the basal ganglia and the anterior cingulate which is responsible for the affective managment and the managment of emotions
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoCalidad de vida y funciones ejecutivas en un grupo de niños con y sin diagnóstico de trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH)(Universidad de San Buenaventura - Cali, 2019) Agudelo García, Stephany Aurora; Mejía Zuluaga, César AugustoThe aim of the present study was to compare the level of Quality of Life and performance in the Executive Functions of two groups of children with and without diagnosis of ADHD. The methodology used consisted of the application of the CVI self-report for the evaluation of the performance of the child's quality of life of the CVI-CVIP test and of the tasks of the orbitomedial area of the BANFE-2 neuropsychological battery. The results reveal statistically significant differences between the groups. Children diagnosed with ADHD perceive a lower Quality of Life to that conceived by the control group.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoCaracterización del desempeño de los procesos cognitivos atención, memoria y funciones ejecutivas en niños y niñas víctimas de maltrato físico o negligencia, en edades entre 8 a 12 años, que se encuentren vinculados al ICBF(2014) Urrea Restrepo, Lina Marcela; Arango, Magda LorenaChild abuse is defined as any physical, emotional, sexual, abandonment, negligence, exploitation (commercial, etc.) that produces any real or potential damage to children(under eighteenyears old) health, developmentor dignity, under the context of a relationship based on responsibility, trust or power. It’s worth mentioning that the present project takes into consideration abusedefined as any non accidental action that causes any disease or physical damage to a minor under eighteen years of age, and negligence as it is defined as any act of omission of the minors basic needs, both physical and emotional, by theircaretaker, parents or responsible adult, where kids could suffer the aftermath in an emotional and neuropsychological level. It has been demonstrated in previous investigations such as the one by Patricia Mesa (2011),where she statesthat children that suffer some kind of abuse have a high percentage ofsuffering some kind of behavioralor emotional disorders such as anxiety or depression. At a neurobiological level,it has been demonstrated that there is traumatichead injury, subdural hematomaand elevated intracranial pressure amongst others. It’s relevant to bring into collation thatthis investigation will also take three neuropsychological processes into consideration: memory, attention and executive functions.Memory is the capacity of storing information so that later on it can be accessed and recuperated making way for learning and adaptation; the structures that intervene in this process are the cortical structures such as the cerebral lobes and the sub cortical structures like the amygdala, hippocampus, cerebellum and the basal ganglia. On anotherpoint, attention is the capacity of selecting sensorial information by activating and inhibiting environmentalstimulation, the structuresthat compose this process are the pre frontal cortex, post parietal cortex, fusiform gyrusand the reticular substance. Lastly,executive functions are a set of cognitive abilities that allow the establishment of structured thinking, control, strategic planes, amongst others;this superior process is mediated by the frontal lobe, specially the pre-frontal cortex. It’s necessary to specify, that the subjectsof study arebetween the ages of eight and twelve andthatthe cognitiveprocesses mentioned above wereevaluation through the battery Neuropsychological Assessment Of Children (ENI), due to the fact that theyare of grand importance for the learning processes. According to this evaluation, it can be concluded that the boys and girls that were victims of physical abuse had a better performance in memory tests of visual codification, deferred evocationmemory for both auditory and visual stimuli, and lastly in executive functions, while the boys and girls that were victims of abuse by negligence had a better performance in the attention tests.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoLa danza como herramienta de intervención neuropsicológica en niños con dificultades de autorregulación(Universidad de San Buenaventura - Cali, 2017) Romero Alegría, Tatiana; Mejía Zuluaga, César AugustoThe main objective of this study was to analyze the effects of dance as a tool for neuropsychological intervention. The type of this investigation corresponds to the empirical analytical model of cross section through a pre-test post-test investigation design. Participants selected for the pre measurement were twenty (20) children with auto-regulation issues, with ages ranging between 6 and 12 years old (N=9), currently in primary school who have been referred by their teachers to present auto-regulation issues within the classroom. However, only ten (10) children agreed to participate in the intervention program voluntarily. The procedure began with the design of an intervention program based on dance through task analysis, then a preliminary neuropsychological evaluation was performed with the purpose to identify the auto-regulation level of each one of the participants, subsequently this program was implemented and finally the post intervention measurement was performed which determined the effects of it.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoDeterminación del efecto causado en procesos cognitivos por el tiempo de reverberación y ruido de fondo mediante el uso de auralizaciones(2018) Restrepo Dávila, Felipe; Ochoa Villegas, JonathanIn this work, the experimental design was presented in the form of a replica, in which a sample of sixty university students was evaluated in order to determine the effect caused by reverberation time and background noise on the cognitive processes of memory, attention and executive functions, seeking to contrast the results obtained in previous researches. Statistical analysis is presented in order to relate the effect of these acoustic parameters. Five psychological instruments were applied where four of these psychological instruments were auralized taking into account the acoustic conditions measured and the hypothetical treatment of the mini auditorium 2 of the University of San Buenaventura, San Benito Medellín. For the application of the test, the recording room of studio A of the University of San Buenaventura Medellín was used and the psychological instruments were reproduced using the Opsodis binaural reproduction system as specified in the connection diagram of section VII.A and the distribution within the recording room as shown in Figure 8. It was found that the results found in previous theses where the impact of reverberation time and background noise on cognitive processes was evaluated are similar, corroborating in the same way the foreign investigations, where it is proven that background noise and reverberation time significantly affect attention, memory and executive functions, being reverberation time the most affected acoustic parameter. High background noise causes interference in the communication of verbal messages, causing the individual to remain in an unnecessarily high attention span, which can have negative health effects such as fatigue and stress. The long reverberation time in turn causes loss of speech intelligibility, i.e. verbal messages are partially understood or sometimes confused
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoDiferencias en el desempeño neuropsicológico ejecutivo entre deportistas de alto rendimiento entre los 15 y 40 años y sus pares sedentarios y aquellos que realizan actividad física no competitiva en la ciudad de Armenia(2019) Herrera Insuasti, Jhoan Alejandro; Martínez Rendón, Juan José; Montoya Hurtado, María Paula; Calle Sandoval, Diego AlejandroThe present exercise had the main objective of analyzing the executive performance in a group of high performance athletes compared to a group of sedentary people and another group of people that perform physical activity. A quantitative, non experimental, transversal with descriptive-correlational reach methodology was applied for this study and the investigative sample was chosen through a non-probabilistic method of intentional type. The data was obtained through the application of The BRIEF-A (abbreviated version) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test beta version with 32 stimuli, as well as a characterization form. Significant differences were found between the study groups, with no normal distributions in the physical activity group. Emotional control is the variable that most influences global executive behavior. Perseveration is related inversely proportional to working memory. High athletic performance is associated with working memory, flexibility, control, change and organization. The level of executive functions depends on the function cooperation of the orbitofrontal and ventro medial pre frontal cortex, frontal medial and dorsolateral cortex, and in order to establish a high level of athletic competitiveness, a high degree of inhibition, working memory and flexibility is required along with the ability of projecting a high level of behavioral restraint, emotional control and metacognitive ability for task tracking and adaptation to change.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoElaboración de un plan carrera basado en las funciones ejecutivas superiores de los cargos operativos de la organización Color Líquido(2019) Cano Vera, Diana Patricia; Holguín Bustamante, Greysy Isberly; Velásquez Rivera, Tatiana; Ospina Jiménez, HenryIn the definitions of the career plan and in some researches, motivation, development and professional projection are common elements from the point of view of the employee. Just like companies consider so important to develop skills and abilities in the employee to improve work, promote and train the key people in the organization. The permanence of worker in the company, the consolidation of values and competitiveness are considered too as some outstanding issues. The both views requiring the involvement and commitment of the organization, this can be assumed as a win-win where the process becomes bidirectional benefit. The aim of this design is to demonstrate and identify development of a career plan based on the superior executive functions in the behavior of the operational profile, through an instrumental study. The sources of information that support this academic proposal are electronic and documentary. This design shows the career plans in the operative positions and each one of the higher executive functions that are needed to generate mobility or dynamism in the decision making regarding the succession or transfer of personnel
- PublicaciónAcceso abierto¿Existen diferencias en el desarrollo neuropsicológico entre sujetos heterosexuales y miembros de la comunidad LGBTI entre los 18 y los 30 años?(2019) Diez Herrera, Maria Juliana; Portocarrero Góngora, Jhonatan; Ramírez Cárdenas, Manuela; Calle Sandoval, Diego AlejandroIn the present project, a review is made in which theoretical contributions that investigate the differences in executive functions and neuropsychological aspects among heterosexual subjects and members of the LGBTI community are examined. Based on them, there is sufficient evidence to consider that there are biological factors associated with their sexual orientation. We also checked if there were cognitive and behavioral differences. For this, a sample is taken with 45 people, making a characterization card for each person and also applying the Wisconsin test which is used to measure some executive functions such as flexibility, task change or inhibition
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoFuncionamiento ejecutivo en jóvenes mayores de edad en conflicto con la ley penal en Asomenores del departamento de Bolívar(2019-10-29) Riveros Oviedo, Ana Victoria; Salcedo Vergara, Linda Marcela; Cadena Ramos, Iván DaríoThis research project deals with the executive functions of young people in conflict with the criminal law who are adults deprived of their liberty in Asomenores of the department of Bolívar. Its starting point is the theoretical and conceptual framework of executive functions. He had a quantitative approach, because he used data collection for numerical measurement and statistical analysis. The type of research is descriptive and a sample of 16 young people was taken, among the inclusion criteria it was taken into account that the participants were equal to or older than 18 years, Young people deprived of liberty at the Center for Reeducation for the Minor Offender of the law in ASOMENORES, under judicial measures and sanctions, adolescents in school; Participation in the study was voluntary and an institutional permit and an informed consent filled out by those evaluated were signed. The information collection instrument used was the BANFE2 test. As results of the research, it was obtained that the participants present alterations in their capacity for cognitive goal control, cognitive goal judgment and cognitive goal monitoring; that is, difficulties in being aware of their own behavior. This aspect is very sensitive for the rehabilitation of these subjects as it may indicate a tendency to recidivism in crimes
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoImpacto de un videojuego como estrategia de intervención en las funciones ejecutivas en dos niños de la ciudad de Cali(Universidad de San Buenaventura. Cali, 2019) Lugo Echeverri, José Camilo; Zuluaga Marín, Juan Sebastián; Rodríguez Mora, ManuelaThe Video games have been one of the main innovations in technology over the years, more and more interacting with different consoles, from Play stations to Xbox, Nintendo and others. Due to the boom and technological growth in relation to these virtual platforms, it begins to generate uncertainty in different disciplines such as: sociology, medicine and psychology, against the implications of videojugar, in relation to health, behavior and cognitive aspects that entails. That said, the present study is framed in the discipline of psychology. The objective of this article is to identify the impact of a videogame have as a rehabilitation strategy in executive functions, the research is descriptive in scope, using the microgenetic method for the collection and analysis of results and as instruments the video game Visor 2.0. It was found that people execute different strategies for solving problems, mediated by verbalizations, and there is a positive impact on the self-regulation of the subjects.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoPlaneación, atención y flexibilidad mental como indicadores de funcionamiento ejecutivo en universitarios que practican deporte y que no practican deporte(2016-10-25) Forestieri Pérez, Mónica; Herrera Jurado, Luisa María; Vega Torres, Ana Isabel; Pardo Maza, Víctor Manuel; Noreña Correa, Manuel FabiánThe following project aims to characterize the executive functioning in terms of attention, planning and mental flexibility in sportive and non-sportive students of a private university in Cartagena. A quantitative cutoff methodology was used with a nonexperimental design, in which, the measuring instruments used were the train making test and the labyrinths of porteus with the participation of students of both genders between the ages of eighteen and twenty-eight. Regarding the results obtained, it was found that the population of sportive and non-sportive have adequate levels of sustained attention and sequencing that was evidenced in the performance obtained from the trail making test. On the other hand, the results obtained in the labyrinth test of porteus reveal deficient levels in confrontation, which is understood as difficulties to persevere in tasks that involve planning and attention at the same time.
- PublicaciónAcceso abierto"Trazados orales": un test neurológico multicultural con bajos requerimientos académico(Editorial Bonaventuriana, 2008) Sedó, Manuel A.l “TRAIL MAKING TEST” (TMT) es un test neuropsicológico en dos partes que no podemos administrar a los sujetos muy jóvenes o menos educados, que no han aprendido la secuencia de las letras del alfabeto. Esta versión oral, “TEST DE TRAZADOS ORALES” (OTT) sólo requiere el conocimiento de la serie de los números del 1 a 20, emparejados con cuatro frutos familiares que recurren al azar. El trazado B, una tarea de interferencia de colores, requiere que el sujeto “inhiba” una respuesta y produzca voluntariamente otra. Administramos el test a 60 universitarios en inglés, junto con el test de Stroop y el TMT. Los trazados A y B correlacionaron 0,66 y 0,70 con el TMT. El test explora las funciones ejecutivas en situaciones multiculturales, y hace posible trabajar con poblaciones clínicas que no sabemos evaluar ahora.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoVideojuego para la evaluación y rehabilitación cognitiva de las funciones ejecutivas en niños(Universidad de San Buenaventura - Cali, 2019) Ramírez Galíndez, Natalia; Zambrano Sánchez, Laura Isabel; Mejía Zuluaga, César AugustoThe main objective of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of a video game as a tool for rehabilitation or cognitive stimulation. Currently there are some rehabilitation programs where commercial video games are used as tools to perform stimulation processes with very promising results in terms of improving skills such as working memory, attention and perception. Besides this, videogames can have an emotional and motivational component that does not possess rehabilitation or traditional cognitive training. Therefore, the research was carried out through the application of the VISOR video game designed in the Psychology Laboratory of the University of San Buenaventura Cali for the rehabilitation of the Executive Functions. The game was applied to a group of children between the ages of 7 and 11 who were enrolled in the third, fourth and fifth grades of primary school (experimental group). Additionally, the Children's Neuropsychological Evaluation battery was used to compare the results of the first group with those of the control group by means of a pre-test and post-test comparison and thus determine the viability of the tool used for the rehabilitation process