Examinando por Materia "Patología"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoCaracterísticas psicodinámicas en adolescentes con rasgos de fobia social(2015) Gamarra Parra, Heidy Patricia; Torreglosa Barbosa, Carmen Paola; Acuña Bermúdez, Edgar AlfonsoThe social phobia is one of the more frequent disorders of anxiety, nevertheless it is not most investigated, must be because probably for many it performs little importance, theinvestigations and recent studies on this disorder demonstrate the need to study this Características psicodinámicas en adolescentes con rasgos de fobia social subject matter that generates problematic so many people for the young persons and that can be confused with facility with other existing pathologies, it is necessary to recognize the characteristics that they identify to this disorder to have the treatment clear for these individuals. The general aim of this project is: to analyze the Psychodynamics in teenagers with social phobia, this in order to detail the course of this pathology and his characteristics, between the specific aims we find: to describe the principal psychic mechanisms
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoFisiopatología de la cisticercosis ocular como una enfermedad reemergente(2018-02-02) Jiménez Flórez, Luisa Fernanda; Mira Díaz, Johana Marcela; Morales Aleans, Marina del Carmen; Orozco Ugarriza, Mauricio E.Ocular cysticercosis is a human parasitic disease caused by Taenia solium, responsible for multiple diseases that are acquired through the consumption of pork in poor condition, fruits and vegetables contaminated with parasite cysticerci. This pathology occurs when the larval form of the microorganism lodges in the eye, causing significant loss of vision as well as a series of significant symptoms. Objective: To analyze from the physiopathological point of view the Ocular Cysticercosis as a re-emerging disease. Methodology: To carry out the review article, a bibliographic search was used in order to find current information in different databases (SCOPUS, PUDMEB and SCIENCIE DIRECT) with the use of key words registered in DeCS and MeSH. Conclusions: Cysticercosis is caused by the Cysticercus of Taenia solium; the human being can acquire it if he accidentally ingests food contaminated with the eggs of the parasite, which develop into cysticerci and are released in the small intestine through hematogenously to reach the ocular zone where they form cysts causing chorioretinitis, vasculitis and detachment of the retina, until causing a blindness. This is considered a reemerging zoonosis and little studied being a public health problem in countries of South America, in the European continent and India. Regarding the risk factors, we have that they are similar to those described in all the parasitoses caused by the microorganism
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoTensiones en la construcción de la sexualidad: una aproximación desde la perspectiva psicoanalítica(Universidad de San Buenaventura, 2019) Rosero Salazar, Anameli; Moncayo Quevedo, Jorge EduardoThis work makes an approach to the understanding of the construction of sexuality in a subject, how culture, history and biology are involved in the process of choosing sexual orientation, and the importance of the different situations that occur throughout life, which leave exceptional marks in the psychic structure and how these are related in the determinations established by each subject, without leaving behind the importance of the previous and new narratives around the different sexual orientations as a life choice, and the role played by the mental health professional in the different ways of intervening in each person, respecting his or her particularity, although nowadays for the health system these clinical criteria are not of major importance, since it seems that the ideal of mental health does not allow people to function from their rarity and particularities but rather obliges the subject to fit into an idea of mental well-being that seems increasingly impossible to achieve, leaving the subject without the possibility of recognizing himself or herself, in order to reach the established illusion of mental health. Leaving in the background the perspective that our rarities and choices do not represent, nor do they point to any kind of pathology or abnormality, therefore, they are themes that are inscribed in each subject based on singular representations. It is important to highlight that the case study you will read below attempts to approach Freudian thought, drawing on Freud's enormous intellectual work on the subject.
- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoLa voz, factor de riesgo en el personal docente(2014-02-20) Paternina Herrera, Roger; Mendoza Doria, JohnnyOne of the most important working tools used in learning environments is the voice as a means of good communication between teachers and learners, in formal and informal learning spaces. Currently teachers give little importance to good use this mechanism of transmission, influencing listeners bad communication habits. Issues like vocal risks they are exposed and can develop serious illnesses voice short and long term as described by the ILO (International LabourOrganisation) in their work follows, where teachers are exposed to occupational hazards the vocal cords and related bodies. In this paper a theoretical review on the identification and understanding of risk factors vowels are exposed to teachers in order to encourage reflection measurements in the prevention against the pathologies that arise from misuse of performed voice.