Examinando por Materia "Viviendas rurales"
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- PublicaciónAcceso abiertoDiseño de un fogón para evitar la inhalación de humo y partículas nocivas para la salud, durante la preparación de alimentos con el uso de leña que se da en viviendas ubicadas en contextos rurales(2021) Aguirre Flórez, Santiago; Bonilla Sánchez, RománIn Antioquia there are many types of food preparation, including cooking with firewood. This type of preparation is well known in rural areas where women are very involved. It is usually the basis for food preparation in households and, eventually, for commercial activities; however, this practice has negative consequences for the health of its users, mainly women in the household. That said, in the present work a research is carried out in which the health risks to which the users are exposed during the preparation of food with wood stoves are analyzed, alternatives of biomass cooking systems are explored and wood burning systems are validated to mitigate the harmful emissions for the user and the environment. The aim is to develop a firewood stove for homes located in rural contexts, which prevents users from inhaling smoke and particles that are harmful to health during the cooking of food. The in-depth knowledge of the activity of cooking on wood stoves is based on field work in which visits are made to homes in different areas of Antioquia such as the village of Santo Domingo Antioquia and the municipality of Guatapé Antioquia; reinforcing the collection of information with ethnographic instruments to know with greater specificity the development of the practice. The importance of this work is based on social and environmental health factors, since the intention is to reduce respiratory affections associated with the inhalation of emissions during the preparation of food in wood stoves in rural contexts, and to reduce the negative environmental impact generated due to the expulsion of toxic emissions into the environment. Finally, it is recognized that, although there are projects in Antioquia that seek to solve this problem, the coverage they provide does not solve it in its entirety and they also have a negative environmental impact. This is the reason why the proposal of this project has a great differential value by integrating new technologies that avoid the inhalation of toxic emissions and the expulsion of these into the environment.